Lecture 1: Paul Cézanne
This session will introduce learners to the life and work of Paul Cézanne, considering how he revolutionized how we think about the surface of painted works. Specifically, we will explore his trademark landscape, still life, and bather compositions to understand how he engaged both geometry and color to change and further flatten the picture plane. Further, in the second half of the session, we will look at how he influences other paints, including modernists, such as Henri Matisse, Piet Mondrian, and Giorgio Morandi, as well as contemporary figures such as Francis Alÿs, Jasper Johns, Ellsworth Kelly, Sherrie Levine, and Jeff Wall.
Lecture 2: Giorgio de Chirico
This session focuses on the lasting influence of Greek-born Italian painter and writer Giorgio de Chirico, touted to be the father of so-called "metaphysical painting." After looking at his trademark empty Italian squares, bizarre self-portraits, and his more baroque compositions, we will examine the lasting impact he left on his contemporaries, the French and Belgian surrealists. We will look at his far-ranging influence on contemporary figures, such as Mike Bidlo, Charles Moore, Regina Silveira, and Andy Warhol. We will assess how his powerful oneiric compositions replete with appropriations of the classical past have inspired artists for a century to explore how fragments and shadows of history can unlock the mysteries of dreams and the unconscious.
Lecture 3: Marcel Duchamp
In this session, we will study the incredible contributions of Marcel Duchamp, best known for his "readymade" sculptures that transformed every day, industrially produced objects into masterpieces. In addition to looking at his cleverly titled works and richly composed paintings, we will look at his "Large Glass" and eternally enigmatic "Étants Donnés," both part of the Duchamp collection at the Philadelphia Museum of Art. Finally, we will consider Duchamp's influence on not only Pop artists, such as not only Roy Lichtenstein and Andy Warhol, and proto-postmodernists Jasper Johns and Robert Rauschenberg, but also contemporary figures including Alvaro Barrios, Wim Delvoye, Jeff Koons, Joseph Kosuth, Sherrie Levine, Yasumasa Murimura, Gavin Turk, and Hannah Wilke.
Lecture 4: Pablo Picasso
Focused on the life, work, and legacy of Pablo Picasso, this session outlines the key periods in this prolific artist’s life, focusing on the early decades of his life via his Blue and Rose periods, analytic and synthetic cubism, primitivism, surrealism, and more. In the second segment of this final session, we will look at how his aesthetic strategies, such as cubism and collage, as well as iconography, continue to resonate with contemporary artists today, including John Baldessari, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Maurizio Cattelan, Rineke Dijkstra, David Hockney, Keith Haring, Jasper Johns, Malcolm Morley, and Claes Oldenburg.