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Ancient Celtic Society: Archaeology of Iron Age Europe with Dr. Guillaume Durand

Ancient Celtic Society: Archaeology of Iron Age Europe with Dr. Guillaume Durand


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Look at a map of Europe. Do you know the origins of its people? Take a trip through time with an expert in ancient history, ancient art, and archeology of the Mediterranean Basin and learn about the evolution of society throughout the region – from your home, on your schedule. 
When we say the word “Celt”, we usually travel immediately to regions such as Ireland, Scotland, or French Brittany. Even if partly true, those regions only preserve the testimony of the Late Celts, those who lived during the Middle Ages.
This webinar has been designed for those interested to know more and understanding the earliest origins of these European people, named by the Ancient Greeks, the Keltoi (Κελτοί). In order to do so, we will mainly discuss archaeologists' discoveries since the late 19th century, how they now analyze these artifacts, and how they reconstruct the past life, society, economy, and religions of these people. 
Among the incredible discoveries done these past decades, we will cover the cart tombs of Hochdorf (Germany) and Vix (France), which date back from the Hallstatt period or 1st Iron Age (c. 6th cent. BCE). In this last place, archaeologists have unearthed what is considered the most prominent Greek vessel ever found. It was discovered in a female Celtic tomb in the middle of nowadays France, Burgundy region. 
Moving forward into time, we will then travel to Southern France to understand how this society evolved during the 2nd Iron Age (La Tène period) into the famous Gauls who fought against the Roman consul Jules Cesar in the middle of the 1st century BCE. Several archaeological sites (Entremont, Roquepertuse, and more) will be chosen, studied, and analyzed–some of which our expert has excavated during his career. These sites will bring to life the social organization and the religion of these people, a religion partly connected to druidism. 
Led by Guillaume Durand, Ph.D., an expert in ancient history, ancient art, and archeology of the Mediterranean Basin. Guillaume has spent his 20 past years excavating in France, Greece, and Romania archaeological sites connected to the respective native people of these regions. Designed to inform curiosity as well as future travels, participants will come with an increased knowledge of the roots of the European culture during Antiquity and a sharp appreciation of how the newest trends in the field of Archaeology bring to life a more vivid and accurate image of this population. 
As you watch the presentation, we encourage you to think about these questions:
  1. Consider how the foundation of Marseilles relates to the birth of a "Celtic" Hallstatt Aristocracy and how this society was stratified.
  2. Think about why we should better talk about a Celtic culture instead of a Celtic people.
  3. As you watch, please think about how we can explain the presence of Modern Celtic speech in Europe today and other traces which still exist.
  4. Consider how civilizations interacted with each other creating a world system – and why scholars now use the term "diaspora" instead of "colonization."

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